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Master the Stomach Vacuum Exercise: A Step-by-Step Guide

A woman performing a Stomach Vacuum exercise on a yoga mat.
Read Time: 8 minutes

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Most people think of crunches, sit-ups, and leg raises when working on your abdominal muscles. However, another lesser-known but powerful core exercise can help you achieve a flatter stomach and improved posture – the stomach vacuum.

This comprehensive guide will explore the benefits of the stomach vacuum exercise, provide a step-by-step tutorial to help you master it, and answer some frequently asked questions. So, let’s get started on your journey to a stronger core!

The stomach vacuum, also known as the abdominal drawing-in maneuver or the hollow hold, is a core-strengthening exercise focusing on the deep abdominal muscles, particularly the transverse abdominis (TVA). The TVA is the deepest layer of your abdominal muscles, which wraps around your torso like a corset. It plays a crucial role in stabilizing the spine, maintaining proper posture, and supporting the organs within the abdominal cavity.

The stomach vacuum exercise involves drawing in your belly button towards your spine, essentially “vacuuming” your stomach inwards. This isometric contraction of the TVA helps to strengthen the muscle and improve your core stability.

Benefits of the Stomach Vacuum Exercise

Some of the main benefits of the stomach vacuum exercise include the following:

Improved core strength: Strengthening the TVA can help to improve overall core strength, which is essential for maintaining good posture, preventing injuries, and improving athletic performance.

Flatter abs: By targeting the deep abdominal muscles, the stomach vacuum can help to create a more toned and flatter appearance in your midsection.

Better posture: A strong TVA can lead to better posture by supporting the spine and preventing excessive lower back arching.

Reduced lower back pain: Strengthening the TVA can help to alleviate lower back pain by providing additional support and stability to the lumbar spine.

Enhanced breathing: Practicing the stomach vacuum can help to improve diaphragmatic breathing, which is important for overall health and well-being.

How to Perform the Stomach Vacuum Exercise: A Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Find a comfortable position

The stomach vacuum can be performed in various positions, including standing, sitting, kneeling, or lying down. Choose a position that feels most comfortable for you. Ensure that your spine is neutral and your shoulders are relaxed.

Step 2: Exhale fully

Begin by exhaling all the air from your lungs. This can be done by pursing your lips and blowing out gently as if trying to blow out a candle.

Step 3: Draw your belly button

As you finish exhaling, draw your belly button in towards your spine. Imagine that you’re trying to touch your belly button to your backbone. This will create a “hollow” or “vacuum” sensation in your abdominal cavity.

Step 4: Hold the contraction

Hold the stomach vacuum for as long as possible while maintaining proper form. Aim to initially hold the contraction for 10-15 seconds, gradually increasing the duration as your TVA strengthens.

Step 5: Release and repeat

After holding the contraction for the desired duration, slowly release the vacuum and return to a relaxed position. Take a few deep breaths to recover, and then repeat the exercise. Aim for 3-5 repetitions, gradually increasing the number of repetitions as your strength and endurance improve.

laying down floor beautiful woman underwear is posing indoors stomach vacuum

Additional Stomach Vacuum Exercise Variations

As you continue to practice and master the stomach vacuum exercise, you might want to try some variations to challenge your core muscles further and prevent boredom. Here are a few stomach vacuum variations to consider incorporating into your routine:

1. Stomach Vacuum with Leg Raises

In a lying-down position, perform the stomach vacuum as instructed earlier. While holding the vacuum, slowly raise one leg off the ground, keeping it straight. Lower the leg back down, and repeat with the other leg. This variation adds an extra challenge to your lower abs and hip flexors.

2. Stomach Vacuum with Arm Raises

Perform the stomach vacuum while standing or sitting. As you draw your belly button towards your spine, raise your arms overhead. Slowly lower your arms as you release the vacuum. This variation challenges your core and engages your upper body, making it a more comprehensive exercise.

3. Stomach Vacuum in a Plank Position

Assume a plank position on your hands or elbows, with your body forming a straight line from head to toe. While maintaining the plank, perform the stomach vacuum. This advanced variation challenges your core stability and engages multiple muscle groups.

4. Stomach Vacuum with Lateral Flexion

Perform the stomach vacuum while standing or sitting. As you hold the vacuum, slowly bend your torso to one side, then return to the starting position. Repeat on the other side. This variation targets your oblique muscles and adds an element of mobility to the exercise.

Remember that with any variation, it’s essential to maintain proper form and focus on the quality of the contraction rather than the number of repetitions. As you become more proficient with these variations, you can mix and match them to create a dynamic, challenging core workout that keeps your muscles guessing.

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Holding your breath: Breathing normally while performing the stomach vacuum exercise is crucial. Holding your breath can cause an increase in blood pressure and may lead to dizziness or fainting. Focus on slow, controlled breaths throughout the exercise.

Straining the neck and shoulders: Ensure that your neck and shoulders remain relaxed during the stomach vacuum. Tension in these areas can result in discomfort and detract from the effectiveness of the exercise.

Arching the lower back: Maintain a neutral spine throughout the exercise to avoid placing unnecessary stress on your lower back. If you find it difficult to maintain proper form, consider performing the stomach vacuum in a different position.

Overdoing it: Like any exercise, it’s essential to progress gradually with the stomach vacuum. Start with shorter durations and fewer repetitions, and increase the intensity as your strength improves.

Incorporating the Stomach Vacuum Exercise into Your Routine

The stomach vacuum exercise can be easily incorporated into your existing workout routine or performed as a standalone exercise throughout the day. Here are some tips on how to make the stomach vacuum a part of your regular fitness regimen:

Warm-up: Perform the stomach vacuum as part of your warm-up routine to help activate your core muscles before engaging in more strenuous exercises.

Superset: Pair the stomach vacuum with other core exercises, such as planks or Russian twists, to create a more challenging and comprehensive core workout.

Daily practice: Set aside a few minutes daily to practice the stomach vacuum. This can be done while watching TV, sitting at your desk, or waiting in line at the grocery store.

Progression: As you become more proficient at the stomach vacuum, try incorporating variations, such as performing the exercise on an unstable surface like a stability ball or adding resistance with a resistance band.


The stomach vacuum exercise is a powerful yet often overlooked tool for improving core strength, posture, and overall abdominal muscle tone. By following our step-by-step guide and incorporating the stomach vacuum into your regular fitness routine, you’ll achieve a stronger, flatter, and more stable core. Remember to progress gradually, avoid common mistakes, and always prioritize proper form and technique to maximize the benefits of this unique and effective exercise.

With consistent practice and dedication, you’ll notice improvements in your core strength and experience the positive impacts that a strong TVA can have on your overall health and well-being. Whether you’re an athlete looking to enhance your performance, improve your posture, or alleviate lower back pain, the stomach vacuum exercise is a valuable addition to any fitness regimen.

So, give the stomach vacuum a try and unlock the potential of this powerful core exercise. With time and perseverance, you’ll reach a stronger, healthier, and more toned midsection.

Happy vacuuming!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Can the stomach vacuum exercise help me lose belly fat?

    While the stomach vacuum can help tone and strengthen the deep abdominal muscles, it’s essential to understand that targeted fat loss is impossible through exercise alone. A balanced diet, regular cardio exercise, and overall strength training are necessary to lose belly fat.

  2. How often should I perform the stomach vacuum exercise?

    Ideally, the stomach vacuum should be performed 3-5 times weekly to see the best results. However, since it’s a low-impact exercise, you can practice it more frequently if desired.

  3. Is the stomach vacuum safe for everyone?

    While the stomach vacuum is generally considered safe for most individuals, it’s always best to consult a healthcare professional before beginning any new exercise routine, especially if you have any pre-existing medical conditions or concerns.

  4. Can I perform the stomach vacuum exercise during pregnancy?

    Pregnant women should avoid performing the stomach vacuum exercise, as it may cause unnecessary stress on the abdominal muscles and the growing fetus. Instead, focus on other gentle core-strengthening exercises, such as pelvic tilts, under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Editor’s note: The content on Base Strength is meant to be informative in nature, but it shouldn’t take the place of advice and/or supervision from a medical professional. The opinions and articles on this site are not intended for use as diagnosis, prevention, and/or treatment of health problems. Speak with your physician if you have any concerns. Please also see our disclaimers.

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